MS Word: Accessibility Best Practices

MS Word Accessibility Guide.

Headings: Use Styles to Provide Logical Heading Structure

  1. Select the text that you want to make into a heading.

  2. From the Home tab, choose the appropriate heading level from the Styles group.

Lists: Use Ordered/Unordered Lists to Group Related Items

  1. Select the text you want to make into a list.

  2. From the Home tab, in the Paragraph group, select the Bullets or Numbering list.

Tables: Use Tables for Tabular Data and Provide Column Headers

  1. Place the cursor in the top row of your data table and click on the Design tab under Table Tools.

  2. In the Table Style Options group, select the Header Row check box.

  3. Under Table Tools, click the Layout tab.

  4. In the Data group (Word 2016 - Table Design > Layout tab), click the Repeat Header Row button.

Images: Use Alt Text for Informative Images

  1. Right click on the image, and select Format Picture, then Alt Text.

  2. Fill in the Description field (not the Title field).

Links: Use Meaningful Text for Links

  1. Type out text that clearly describes the link’s destination (e.g., “CITL Best Practices for Creating Accessible Word Documents”). Avoid text like “Click here” or “Visit.”

  2. Select the text, right click on it, and choose Hyperlink from the menu.

  3. In the Insert Hyperlink window, enter a URL address in the Address field.

  4. Click the OK button to save the link.

Document Properties: Identify the Title and Author

  1. In Windows, click File, then expand the pull down menu for Properties to select the Summary tab. On a Mac, click File, then select Properties, and then select the Summary tab.

  2. From the Summary tab of the Properties dialog, add or change the Title and the Author.

Color: Use Sufficient Color Contrast

  1. Download the Paciello Group’s Color Contrast Analyzer from the following URL:

  2. Open the Color Contrast Analyzer application.

  3. Click the Foreground eye dropper tool. Hover over and click your foreground color to select it.

  4. Click the Background eye dropper tool. Hover over and click your background color.

  5. If you are testing a 12-pixel or smaller font, you must get a Pass (AA). If your font is larger than 12 pixels, you must get a Pass (AA) in the Large Text field.

  6. AA standards pass is sufficient.

  7. Do not use color alone to convey information (e.g., items in red indicate a deficit).


KeywordsMS Word, Word, Accessibility, Accessibility Guide   Doc ID124885
OwnerHanna F.GroupSchool of Information Sciences
Created2023-03-16 08:13:59Updated2023-07-19 15:24:25
SitesUniversity of Illinois School of Information Sciences
Feedback  0   0