Hosting and Role Privileges in Zoom

A guide to Host and Co-Host Rules and Privileges in Zoom Meetings.

Host/Co-Host Roles

Hosts are able to assign co-host roles to anyone in the meeting. Co-hosts can help manage the administrative side of the meeting, like managing participants and starting the recording.

Co-hosts cannot:

  • Start the meeting
  • Start closed captioning
  • Start live-streaming
  • End the meeting for all participants
  • Make another participant a co-host
  • Start breakout rooms or move participants to another breakout room
  • Start waiting room (though they are able to add and remove participants from the waiting room)

Making someone a co-host:

  1. Click Participants in the control panel.

    Participant button in Zoom toolbar
  2. Click More next to the participant's name. 

  3. Click Make Co-Host.

Participant options drop down menu

If you would like to learn more about adding a co-host, check out the Enabling & Adding a Cohost page at the Zoom Help Center.

Host and Co-Host Controls:


Zoom toolbar

    • Mute/Unmute
      • Audio Controls (Click the ^ next to Mute/Unmute): This lets you change the microphone and speaker that Zoom is using on your computer, leave computer audio, and access all audio options.
    • Start/Stop Video
      • Video Controls (Click the ^ next to Start/Stop Video): Select which camera Zoom should use, access the full video controls, and select a Virtual Background.
    • Security: View and enable different security measures like locking the meeting, enabling/disabling screensharing, allowing participants to rename themselves, and other measures.
    • Participants: View your list of meeting participants.
    • Chat: View the chat.
    • Share Screen: Share your screen.
    • Record: Record the meeting.
    • Live Transcript (only available to the host): Turns on the live transcript feature and allows participants to view captions.
    • Breakout Rooms (only available to the host): Open and configure breakout rooms.
    • Reactions: Choose reactions and emojis to share with participants.
    • End Meeting (only available to the host): Ends the meeting for all.
    • Polling (only available to the host): Create, edit, and launch polls. Note: depending on if you are using Mac or Windows, polling may show up in a different spot along the bottom bar.

NoteWhen you are screensharing, the controls will appear at the top of the screen and you can drag them to another location.


To learn more about Host and Co-Host controls explore the Host and Co-Host Controls page at the Zoom Help Center.

Described in the table below are the privileges that different types of Zoom users have in a meeting. 

Roles Share Screen Request/Receive Remote Control Start Polling Designtate a Co-Host Set Up Polling Start/End Breakout Rooms Start/End Recording End a Meeting
Meeting owner X X X X X X X X
Alternative host X X X X
Host who is not the meeting owner or alternative host X X X
Co-host X X
Participant X X

Keywords:Host Hosting Host's Role Position Privileges Zoom   Doc ID:128359
Owner:Matthew M.Group:University of Illinois School of Information Sciences
Created:2023-05-17 11:44 CDTUpdated:2023-05-17 12:19 CDT
Sites:University of Illinois School of Information Sciences
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