This tutorial is designed to introduce preparation and analysis of quantum chemistry calculations using Gaussian with GaussView. The systems of interest are toluene and p-cresole that can be thought of as mimics of phenylalanine and tyrosine protein side chains. Estimated time to complete this tutorial is 1.5 hr.
Taras V. Pogorelov
School of Chemical Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Created June 10, 2013. Updated/reviewed August 25, 2021.
Open Terminal window
Connect to the SCS cluster (note when working outside of the University network, on need to start a VPN first):
> ssh –YC lop.scs.illinois.edu
Make a new directory for this tutorial:
> mkdir gaussian-gv-tutorial
Go to the newly made directory:
> cd gaussian-gv-tutorial
Set up your session to use Gaussian. You will have to repeat each time you connect to Lop:
> module load gaussian/g16
Initially two windows of GaussView will be displayed. Open Builder window View --> Builder. GaussView will remember to keep it open next time.
3. Build a molecule of toulene
3.1 Start new molecule from the Main window: File --> New --> Create Molecule Group
3.2 In the Builder window click the ring button - the Ring Fragments window will appear:
Select benzene and it appears in the Main window. Note the Builder Fragment button also displays "benzene." Click anywhere in the New window and benzene will be added:
3.3 Click on the Element button on the Builder panel and Element Fragments palette will be shown. Select Carbon Tetrahedral and click on of the hydrogen atom to make toluene.
3.4 Use Minimization routine to quickly improve geometry: click the Clean button (the broom icon). GaussView will run a classical mechanics minimization of the prepared structure. The calculation will be completed very fast. Save your work as toluene.com
4. Calculation setup
Open Calculation setup window: Calculate --> Gaussian Calculation Setup. The Gaussian Calculation Setup window will appear.
Overview. We will need to make selection in the following tabs: 1) Title, 2) Job Type – Opt+Freq/Minimum/Compute Raman, 3) Method- Ground State/DFT/B3LYP/6-31G(d) and 4) Link 0 – memory and number of CPUs.
Please note below the selections on the Job Type and Methods tabs.
Note: the keywords selected are reprinted on the top of the Calculation Setup window, for example the basis set was changed from 3-21g to 6-31g(d). The title "toluene" was entered on the Title tab. Under the Link 0 tab set memory to 8 GB and number of processors to 8.
Save file: File --> Save. Name: toluene-raman.com.
Hint: It is always a good idea to visually inspect prepared file. One can click Edit button to display the current file. The text editor that is available on lop is vi.
Please see the last part of our Unix tutorial for a very brief introduction to vi: http://computing.scs.illinois.edu/tutorials/unix-primer-0
5. Calculation submission
We will not use submission from GaussView but will use the bash Linux script, submit-g16, to submit a Gaussian job. If you like to have more details on the exact content of the script, open it in vi: vi /share/apps/gaussian/scripts/submit-g16. Please remember to quit vi, without saving the changes using ":q!" in the editing mode.
Check the status of queues on lop to select a queue, which has available processors:
> qstat –g c
Submit job on 8 processors (specified in the .com file) to the queue named "ib1":
> submit–g16 –q ib1 toluene–raman.com
Check the status of your job in the queue:
> qstat –u mylogin
Here are possible outputs: qw – your job is waiting to be ran; r the job is running. No output means your job is completed.
Look in the end of the log file to see whether the job is completed:
> tail *log (or you can use >vi *log)
Hint: to delete a job type: qdel JOB#
Note: the job will take ~4 min.
6. Visualize the results in GaussView
Load the output file, toluene-raman.log. Open Display Vibrations menu from the Main window: Results --> Vibrations:
Try visualizing animations of various modes. To see the spectra click the Spectrum button:
Right click on a graph provides a menu for saving the data.
If time permits build p-cresol: select oxygen in the Element Fragment and modify the hydrogen atom opposite to the methyl group. Repeat steps 3-5 and compare the results. Will the hydroxyl group influence the Raman and IR spectra? How the presence of the hydroxyl group modifies the chemistry of phenylalanine vs. tyrosine?
This tutorial covered basics of using GaussView: building molecules, preparing and performing geometry optimization and frequency calculations in gas phase.
If you found errors/typos or have suggestions or comments on material in this tutorial please contact us at the SCS Computer Center. We are looking forward to hearing from you. http://computing.scs.illinois.edu
1. J. B. Foresmann and A. Frisch, Exploring chemistry and electronic structure methods, 2nd Ed., 1996.
We are grateful to Mr. Michael Hallock for writing submission scripts for Gaussian and for carefully reading and testing this tutorial.