Security, How to identify phishing attempts and similar scams

How can I tell if an email or social media post is a phishing attempt, a scam, or real?

There are many phishing scams circulating via email and social media sites. Most target sensitive identity, financial, and banking information or access to those things for the purpose of defrauding the recipient. Most will contain one or more of the following telltale markers:

A few things to remember:
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